Best Microcontroller Final Year Engineering Project Ideas in 2022

Here is the list of the Top 30 Best Microcontroller Based Project Ideas Engineering Students brought to you by Listyaan. Microcontroller Project Ideas for B-Tech, M-Tech & Ph.D. students.

A microcontroller is an electronics system’s central processing unit. An electronics system’s microcontroller, as its name indicates, is a tiny control device that senses all incoming data and manages all outputs. The goal of this essay is to quickly explain the top 30 Microcontroller based project ideas.

  • Life Data Transfer System:

The LDR sensor module is used in conjunction with an Atmega microcontroller, LCD, essential electrical parts, power supply, and PCB board to create this system. The technology enables data transmission via the LIFI medium.

To illustrate this idea, we utilize a LiFi transmitter Android app. For transmission, the program transforms typed text messages into light flash data. The user must open the app and input the message that will be sent.

  • Ultrasonic Glasses For the Blind:

The device was developed using two ultrasonic sensors, an atmega microcontroller, a battery, clear glasses, basic electrical parts, and a PCB. Now that they can convey information to the blind user, the glasses may identify obstructions.

To serve as eyes, two ultrasonic sensors are installed on spectacles. To gather information about obstacles, the sensors send and receive ultrasonic waves continuously. These readings from the sensors are continuously sent to the microcontroller.

  • Social Distancing ID Card:

This method will provide us with a mechanical means of ensuring social distance. The system was developed using an ultrasonic sensor, an atmega microcontroller, a buzzer, some fundamental electronics components, and a PCB board. An automatic social distancing mechanism is offered by the system.

  • Industrial Production Line Counter System:

An Atmega microcontroller, an ultrasonic sensor, an LCD, a power supply, some basic electrical parts, and a PCB board are all used in the system’s development. A completely automated industrial product line counting system is possible with the system.

To find things, the ultrasonic sensor sends and receives ultrasonic waves. A signal from the sensor in a very little amount of time identifying an object is received as soon as an object passes the sensor’s path. This idea is applied to count the number of products.

  • Smart Digital SchoolBell With Timetable Display:

To create this system, an STM32 controller, a Bluetooth module, a buzzer for the school bell, a 16 x 32-inch LED display with buttons, some basic electronic parts, and a PCB board are used.

The STM 32 controller communicates with the user through the display. Both running and settings modes are available. The system allows users to connect an Android handset while in setup mode.

We utilize an app to program the schedule into the system once we are connected. The Android software enables users to enter today’s schedule with timings into the system.

  • Industrial Production Target Counter Display System:

The system was developed using an STM32 controller, a proximity sensor, a buzzer, a 16 x 32 LED display board, a keypad, basic electronics components, and a PCB board. The solution will provide a production counter display that is automated and simplified.

  • Stop and Go Queue Entry Manager System:

The system is built with an STM32 controller, an Ultrasonic sensor for human detection, an RGB LED display for STOP/GO, a keypad for controlling the indicator, a buzzer, some electronic parts, and a PCB board.

When the system is turned on, the administrator or queue manager can use the keypad to control the system. The individual has a button within reach of him. The go button is used once the admin has given the okay for the present person to go.

  • Digital Car Turning and Braking Indicator:

The system is built using a PCB board, an Atmega 328 microcontroller, an accelerometer-gyro sensor, an LED display board, a buzzer, buttons, and basic electronics circuits. A new generation automated direction and brake indicator display system will be presented by the system.

When the system is turned on, it continuously scans the accelerometer and gyro sensor for signals. The sensor emits directional signals and detects a change in direction as well as an acceleration change while braking.

  • RFID Token-Based Appointment Calling System:

An Atmega 328 microcontroller, an RFID reader, a keypad for settings, an LED display, and a buzzer for alerting and showing token numbers are all used in the system’s development along with some basic electronic parts and a PCB board. The system communicates with the user by using the keypad and LED display.

  • Digital Nameplate with Visitor Sensing:

An Atmega 328 microcontroller, an ultrasonic sensor, an LED display board, a buzzer, buttons for operation, some basic electronic parts, and a PCB board are all used to create the system.

The input message that will be shown on the LED board is saved in the controller. The family or workplace name might be in the message. Along with the firm name, this might also include the names of any family members or the corporate slogan.

On the system, the message and user name are displayed on a scrolling display. This makes it possible for an outside LED nameplate to be brilliant and move about. An integrated ultrasonic sensor is another component of the system.

  • Solar Wireless Electric Vehicle Charging System:

The system’s development includes the usage of a solar panel, battery, transformer, regulator circuits, copper coils, an AC to DC converter, an atmega controller, and an LCD. The technology shows how electric vehicles may be charged while driving, doing away with the requirement to pull over for charging.

Through the use of a charge controller, the solar panel powers the battery. DC electricity is sent into the battery after charging. Now that the DC electricity is ready to be transmitted, it must be converted to AC. Here, we employ a transformer for this reason.

  • Mobile Phone & Cash UV Disinfector for COVID:

To control the equipment, push buttons are used in conjunction with an LCD. To specify the sterilizing time, push buttons are employed. The Atmega controller then uses proximity sensors to determine if the lid is closed after setup.

When the controller notices a closed lid, UV tubes are turned on for a predetermined amount of time to ensure proper sterilization. To signal the end of the sterilization procedure, the controller turns off the UV tubes.

  • IOT-based Smart Energy Meter Monitoring with Theft Detection:

Theft of energy will be quickly discovered by this method. This Internet of the Things power meter is made up of an Atmega 328 microcontroller with a WIFI module for IOT connection and a GSM module for mobile connectivity, on which customers will get information through SMS.

The current sensor in this intelligent power meter also transmits the current information to the microcontroller. The mobile phones are connected to the system through SMS, which aids in system configuration. The configured number will get the information in the event of an emergency.

  • IOT IV Bag Monitoring and Alert System:

The device uses a weight sensor, an Atmega microcontroller, a wifi transmitter, and an LCD to accomplish this functionality. An automatic and reliable IV monitoring system is made possible as a result.

  • Portable Induction Cooktop With Time/Temp Settings:

For this purpose, the system uses circuitry built around a microprocessor. The user may adjust the time and temperature settings for cooking using a compact control panel with an LCD. The user may control both the cooking temperature and the total cooking time.

  • Gesture Control Bicycle Indicator Gloves:

Since the COVID outbreak, more people are riding bicycles because they are more concerned about their health and the environment. As bicycles have become more adaptable, there have been more cycling accidents.

The system comprises two essential parts: a gesture control glove that the user wears and an indicator unit that is installed beneath the bicycle’s seat. To get the desired result, the two nits electronically interact with one another.

  • Mountain Climber Health & GPS Tracker:

To construct this system, the system uses a heartbeat and temperature sensor with an atmega controller, a wifi module, an LCD, and a GSM module with a power supply. The user’s heart rate is detected by the pulse sensor, which then transmits it to the controller.

  • IOT Smart Parking Using RFID:

This technology intends to replace the current parking system with an IoT-based smart parking system employing RFID (radio-frequency identification). An admission card will be given to users so they may enter the parking space.

The customers will also receive an android-based mobile application so they may check their phones to see whether a parking space is available.

Users must keep a certain amount of money on their admission card to use the parking system; otherwise, the system will prevent them from entering. By utilizing automation technologies, this smart parking system will assist in reducing human effort and time.

  • Voice-controlled wheelchair for the physically disabled:

The system consists of an Atmega328-based circuit connected to a voice recognition module that translates user-spoken instructions into digital data that the microcontroller can then debug to obtain directional directives. The transmitter circuit and the receiver circuit make up the overall system.

The voice recognition module is part of the transmitter circuit, while the motor and driver assembly are part of the receiving circuit. For communication, an NRF trans-receiver module is used. The command provided to the wheelchair is shown on a 16*2 LCD.

  • IOT Virtual Doctor Robot:

Without exerting any physical effort or requiring the robot to be regularly charged, the method is designed to assist workers in cleaning huge open spaces.

The robot is designed to assist with and streamline daily cleaning activities. Utilizing a vacuum cleaner and wet cleaning brush combines dry and wet cleaning processes.

  • COVID-19 Vaccine Cold Storage Box:

To effectively cool the system, 4 Peltier modules are used. The heated side of each Peltier module is cooled by an integrated heatsink and cooler fan, allowing for efficient cooling of the unheated side. To let the user set and manage the refrigerator’s temperature, a panel with an LCD is used.

  • Solar Floor Cleaner Robot:

The technology was designed to make it easier for cleaners to work in broad, open areas without exerting any physical effort or recharging the robot regularly.

The robot is designed to facilitate and assist with daily cleaning duties. With the help of a vacuum cleaner and wet cleaning brush, it combines dry and wet cleaning procedures.

  • Automatic Wire Cutter And Stripper Machine:

The user may tell the machine how big of a wire to cut. Based on this, the machine controls the feeder motor and cutter setup to cut the wires to the correct size. As a result, wire-cutting operations utilizing the wire cutter and stripper machine are completely automated.

  • Automatic Liquid Dispenser Vending Machine:

The Automatic Water Dispenser has a very straightforward concept. To determine if any item is in the way of the glass being put before the dispenser, an HCSR04 Ultrasonic Sensor is employed. The flow of water will be managed by a solenoid valve, which when activated will cause it to flow and when deactivated will stop it.

Therefore, a program for the Arduino is created that constantly checks to see whether anything is placed close to the tap; if so, the solenoid is activated and waits until the object is withdrawn; once the object is gone, the solenoid automatically switches off, cutting off the water supply.

  • Fire Extinguisher & Fire Fighting Drone:

The fire extinguisher balls are delivered into the flames by the system using drones. The balls contain fire extinguishers that, when in contact with fire, burst to extinguish the flames.

To fly the drone steadily, this system uses 4 drone motors in conjunction with a drone frame that is managed by a flight controller. For transferring drone control commands to the drone, we now employ a long-range RF remote and receiver combination. Additionally, the drone has a tiny camera so that the user may see real-time footage.

  • Indoor Farming Hydroponic Plant Grow Chamber:

To provide the ideal growing environment, this system uses a sophisticated water supply and drainage system together with airflow and artificial sunshine. With the help of this method, organic food might be grown indoors in all types of weather as and when necessary.

  • IOT Covid Patient Health Monitor in Quarantine:

The system then connects to a wifi internet connection and broadcasts this data over the internet utilizing wifi transmission. To show patient data remotely, the data is sent and received through IOT by the IOT Gecko platform.

Circuitry based on microcontrollers controls the entire system. A remote alert is issued through IOT if any abnormality in the patient’s health is discovered or if the patient touches the emergency assistance button on the IOT device.

  • Dual Mount Auto Sanitizer Dispenser:

The system uses a steel stand that has been constructed with the proper stability for stand mounting. The device is a sleek dispenser that includes a 1-liter sanitizer tank with pipes and a dose motor to only drive the necessary quantity of sanitizer.

The output end then makes use of the IR sensor to distribute sanitizer as soon as a hand is found. The dual mount setting was considered when designing the system.

  • Social Distancing & Mask Monitor Drone For COVID:

The suggested design is proven to be helpful in rural and extremely crowded pandemic locations where either wireless or Internet access is a big problem or where there is a high likelihood that COVID-19 may spread.

It assists in taking appropriate action as and when necessary by gathering and storing a sizable amount of data over a predetermined time.

  • IOT-based Manhole Detection and Monitoring System:

This project includes a gas cover to monitor the gas released by the sewage systems so that toxicity can be monitored. The internal temperature is also monitored if a check is made for a change in temperature as the property of manholes changes with temperature, which could require the formation of cracks.

A tilt sensor is also introduced to show whether the manhole can tilt. A float sensor is also used to detect when the water level exceeds a specified level. If any alarm is generated by any of the parameters, an SMS is sent to a designated authority number and posted on the IOT website.`

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